The Effect of Documenting Patient Weight in Kilograms on Pediatric Medication Dosing Errors in EMS
Caleb E. Ward, Michael Taylor, Clare Keeney, Emily Dorosz, Cynthia Wright-Johnson, Jennifer Anders & Kathleen Brown (2022) The Impact of Documenting Patient Weight in Kilograms on Pediatric Medication Dosing Errors in Emergency Medical Services, Prehospital Emergency Care.
Objectives: Up to 40% of children who receive a medication from Emergency Medical Services (EMS) are subject to a dosing error. One of the reasons for this is difficulties adjusting dosages for weight. Converting weights from pounds to kilograms complicates this further. This is the rationale for the National EMS Quality Alliance measure Pediatrics-03b, which measures the proportion of children with a weight documented in kilograms. However, there is little evidence that this practice is associated with lower rates of dosing errors. Therefore, our objective was to determine whether EMS documentation of weight in kilograms was associated with a lower rate of pediatric medication dosing errors.
Medication Dosing Safety for Pediatric Patients (NAEMSP)
Medication Dosing Safety for Pediatric Patients: Recognizing Gaps, Safety Threats, and Best Practices in the Emergency Medical Services Setting. A Position Statement and Resource Document from NAEMSP. (2020)
Background: Millions of patients receive medications in the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) setting annually, and dosing safety is critically important. The need for weight-based dosing in pediatric patients and variability in medication concentrations available in the EMS setting may require EMS providers to perform complex calculations to derive the appropriate dose to deliver. These factors can significantly increase the risk for harm when dose calculations are inaccurate or incorrect.
Ambulance Personnel Perceptions of Near Misses and Adverse Events in Pediatric Patients
Objective: To identify Emergency Medical Services (EMS) provider perceptions of factors that may affect the occurrence, identification, reporting, and reduction of near misses and adverse events in the pediatric EMS patient.