The American College of Surgeons (ACS) Field Trauma Triage Guidelines (FTTG), for use by clinicians nationwide, provide evidence-based criteria in making care and transport decisions for patients with traumatic injuries in the prehospital setting.
Model EMS Protocol for Prehospital Pain Management (NASEMSO)
This model protocol incorporates elements of an evidence-based guideline for prehospital analgesia in trauma and evidence-based guidelines for prehospital pain management created using the National Prehospital Evidence-Based Guideline Model Process.
Children with Special Health Care Needs: Template for Prehospital Protocol Development
Abstract: Because of the dynamic and fragile nature of the medical conditions typically borne by children with special health care needs (CSHCN), the need for emergency care is not uncommon and prehospital providers are increasingly likely to encounter this population. With the support of grant funding from the federal EMSC program, a project was undertaken by investigators in the Center for Prehospital Pediatrics at Children's National Medical Center to develop prehospital protocols for CSHCN. This report details the protocol development process, discusses suggestions for their use, and presents the detailed protocols. The protocols are intended to serve as a resource template for the development and/or revision of jurisdiction-specific, customized practice guidelines.
The purpose of this website is to promote openness, discussion and collaboration among system directors in the development of EMS protocols, with the goal to help improve all EMS protocols to the current state of the science using evidence-based medicine.
The list of available protocols is a work in progress.
No pediatric-specific document, would need to access each state/agency guideline to find pediatric resources.
Highlights of the 2020 AHA Guidelines for CPR and ECC
These Highlights summarize the key issues and changes in the 2020 American Heart Association (AHA) Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC). The 2020 Guidelines are a comprehensive revision of the AHA’s guidelines for adult, pediatric, neonatal, resuscitation education science, and systems of care topics. They have been developed for resuscitation providers and AHA instructors to focus on the resuscitation science and guidelines recommendations that are most significant or controversial, or those that will result in changes in resuscitation training and practice, and to provide the rationale for the recommendations.
(see pages 16-25 for Pediatric Basic and Advanced Life support)
Pediatric Decision Tree: A Tool for Prehospital Destination Choice
The Pediatric Decision Tree (PDTree) is an evidence-based guideline to suggest the type of pediatric hospital which can meet a child’s definitive needs. The PDTree defines four levels of pediatric care; designated trauma/burn centers, comprehensive pediatric facility (with pediatric ICU and surgical services), regional pediatric facility (with pediatric inpatient care or 24/7 pediatric specialists in the ED) and local pediatric ready facility.
Prehospital Evidence Based Practice Resources (Canada)
Prehospital Evidence Based Practice (PEP) is a collaborative effort of Canadian and international EMS clinicians (paramedics, physicians, nurses and other allied health professionals). PEP is sponsored and managed by the Dalhousie University Department of Emergency Medicine Division of EMS, and Emergency Health Services Nova Scotia.
Click on "Open Resource" and scroll down to "Pediatric" in the alphabetized list.
This link contains the following pediatric evidence-based guideline (EBG) topics: Neonatal Resuscitation, PALS, Pediatric BLS and CPR Quality, Pediatric Seizures, Traumatic Brain Injury in Infants, Children, and Adolescents, Pediatric Cervical Spinal Injuries.
The Prehospital Care of Children with Special Health Care Needs
There is an ever-growing population of children with special health care needs ranging from children with pervasive developmental disorders to technology-dependent children. The prehospital provider, local emergency medical services agencies, and the state and federal entities involved in the prehospital care of children require focused programs to ensure safe and effective care and transport of these children. This article discusses the key factors involved in the prehospital care of these children including the use of registries to identify these patients in the community, the use of caregivers and emergency information forms as resources, and the existence of specialized training programs to educate prehospital providers about the special care needs of this population. Additional discussion includes the importance of medical homes for these children and special considerations regarding their transport. Finally, we will discuss the issues that arise in this community during a disaster and show how all the previously discussed aspects of care can be integrated into a comprehensive disaster plan.